Small businesses are important for many reasons be it nano, micro, small, or medium-sized enterprises. On one hand, as an important contributor to any economy, and as the lifeblood of many developing and underdeveloped economies. Small businesses can equally provide many essential opportunities that cannot be overlooked because as they scale, they impact innovation, job creation, economic diversification, poverty reduction, wealth creation, and income redistribution within the country. Hence, the core attribute that makes small businesses achieve all these and more is the agility that the founders/owner-managers provide. This makes this form of business nearly inseparable from the founders.
This inseparability makes the decision-making process and flexibility within the businesses much faster than that of large corporations. Moreso, coupled with the agile management that exists in small businesses, adaptation to current realities and changing economic circumstances is much easier in small businesses. Research finds have also shown that the agility that exists in small businesses is the direct involvement of the founders, and the business owners. They can provide quick decisions and react to changes in the environment easily. There is no doubt that the Covid-19 pandemic has added to small business challenges around the world. A lot has happened with the novel Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic, it has fueled a lot of economic, livelihood, and business disruptions with more grave consequences on developing countries like Nigeria.
Without a doubt, the pandemic has brought about the untimely loss of loved ones, colleagues, associates, neighbors, friends, and prominent Nigerians. While many died because of Covid-19 complications, some died due to accidents, age-long sicknesses and others died because of economic pressures. The painful truth is that most of them held key roles in the entertainment industry, sports, politics, and many held key roles in businesses around before they succumbed to death drawing from context observation.
As it stands and relying on worldometer and the World Health Organization (WHO) figures, as of January 2022, Coronavirus deaths since the pandemic began, stand at 5,575,367 and 3,116 in Nigeria. The figure seems underreported for Nigeria because most deaths go underreported and most of the time not captured and unrecorded with the necessary authorities. Families do not see reasons to formalize closures by visiting the hospital for proper attestation, getting death certificates, and having the deaths captured.
As a reminder, since small businesses and the founders/owner-managers are inseparable, it is easy then to conclude that we may just be losing businesses as part of the huge consequences of the Covid-19 situations. Agreeably the rate at which obituaries come up in the newspapers these days has been so alarming and disturbing, many are unaware that most of these late individuals are business owners and key decision-makers in these businesses. Therefore, what happens to the business when a founder dies or is incapacitated? This usually creates a leadership vacuum in the businesses, survival, and continuity is highly threatened which may lead to liquidation of the business.
In fact, research finds corroborate that many businesses could suffer long-lasting and significant negative impacts if the founders/ owner-managers die untimely. Though no reliable data to substantiate this claim in Nigeria it is evident that a large portion of the population lives on income from small businesses which account for 96 percent of businesses and 84 percent of jobs in the country. Coupled with the current demography of Nigeria, the prevalence of deaths of founding entrepreneurs or owner-managers may negatively impact many of the businesses and worsen the unemployment situation in the country. Though small businesses have different forms of incorporation, from a partnership to sole proprietorship, or Private Limited Company (Ltd) and Private Unlimited Company, the reality is that founders /owner-managers rarely put such business structures in place.
So, upon the owner’s death who has a clear vision and goals for the business, a leadership and decision-making vacuum is created almost immediately. A clear recent reference was the November 2021 collapse of a high-rise block of luxury flats under construction in Ikoyi Lagos State. At least 42 people died including the property developer, who also is the MD/CEO and owner-manager of the building. Since the unfortunate incident and the demise of the founder/ MD/CEO of the company, no detailed communiqué or press release has been issued in respect of the building collapse by the company -an incorporated limited company. What we have in the public space is the investigations and evaluation of the state of things by the Lagos State Government. Contrarywise the project’s website has been shut down by the company, therefore it is easy to tell that as capital intensive the project is, the company behind it lacks adequate business structure.
Most times this is usually the trend with small businesses in the country, the businesses disappear or experience significant operational decline following the death of the founder or key owner-manager, regardless of the form of business incorporation. Chief Moshood Abiola and Chief Henry Fajemirokun’s stories and a host of others are well known. They had investments in critical sectors of the economy with business interests from aviation, agriculture, sports, bakery, real estate, publishing, and communications but after their death, the businesses fizzle out gradually. It starts with business struggles, the overall performance of workers and staff dwindles and the family of the founder who most times have no knowledge of the business steps in, which further compounds the misfortune of the businesses. Contrary to what the majority thinks is right, a business owner’s spouse is never a co-owner of the business just by virtue of marriage unless it is expressly stated in the incorporation documents.
With the changing economic circumstances of businesses, a non-economic factor such as the deaths of founders, decision-makers, and key entrepreneurs may further impact negatively on the small businesses that are already burdened with challenges. The going concerns of many of these businesses may just be threatened because of the negative impact of the pandemic and any loss of owner-managers. Consequently, with the silently ravaging pandemic and untimely deaths, family businesses and small businesses may just need to adopt strategies to stem the tides.
On the part of businesses, attention should be paid to the effective implementation of businesses structure, good governance, business risk analysis, succession planning, mentorship, and transitions because these are the most prevalent factors leading to leadership vacuums. Stakeholder management is equally important customers, employees, vendors, and investors’ contributions, feedback, and initiatives should be always honoured and appreciated for different situations.
To reduce the vulnerability of small business closure with the demise of the founders, government, policymakers, and SMEDAN need to intensify their efforts to disseminate information on business continuity, capacity development, technology usage, and other needs for SMEs to continue to make the desired positive impact in the country. So, a lot of support and development of interventions from the government is required for small businesses to go beyond mere survival.
On a final note, government interventions can transform small businesses, into vast employers of labour, tax generators, which will contribute to government revenue, and ultimately the growth of the economy, but again right structures must be in place.
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Dr. Timi Olubiyi is an Entrepreneurship & Business Management expert with a Ph.D. in Business Administration from Babcock University Nigeria. A prolific investment coach, seasoned scholar, Chartered Member of the Chartered Institute for Securities & Investment (CISI), and Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC) registered capital market operator. He can be reached on the Twitter handle @drtimiolubiyi and via email: firstname.lastname@example.org, for any questions, reactions, and comments.